Services performed by the principal shipping organizations

Shipping is a global business and as such how can it remain aloof from the impacts of the national and international shipping organizations which fosters the international trade at full fledged speed through their specific regulations and regimes. Shipping being a cyclical business has always faced upwards and downward trends in the economic milieu and in order to maintain the stability of the shipping business dynamics these international organizations roles have proved to be significant and immensely contributory for the shipping industry.

There is no dearth of fact that the international organizations like IMO, UNCTAD, OPEC, WTO, OECD,ILO,ICS, INTERTANKO, OCIMF, MARPOL SOLAS, STCW,INTERCARGO and many more have certainly possessed themselves to be the lifeline of the shipping business which ultimately in return fosters the economic growth of the country in the short as well as long run. The stringent rules and regulations set up by these international organizations serve to be the guiding factors and sets the shipping companies and organizations to follow upon the strict disciplinarian path in order to increase its productivity and efficiency through its adaptability to these regulations and regimes. These international shipping organizations are the crucial components for the overall development of the shipping business in the long run. Being as international organizations they streamline the flow of international trade (imports and exports) and leads to the enhancement of the whole shipping business dynamics. These organizations are the catalytic game changers which have much larger purpose to fulfill in the arena of shipping business. Efthimios E. Mitropoulos ().

The International Maritime Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations which is responsible for measures to improve the safety and security of international shipping and to prevent marine pollution from ships. It is also involved in legal matters, including liability and compensation issues and the facilitation of international maritime traffic. It was established by means of a Convention adopted under the auspices of the United Nations in Geneva on 17 March 1948 and met for the first time in January 1959. It currently has 170 Member States. IMO's governing body is the Assembly which is made up of all 170 Member States and meets normally once every two years.,. The Council acts as governing body in between Assembly sessions. It prepares the budget and work programme for the Assembly. The main technical work is carried out by the Maritime Safety, Marine Environment Cheap Bags Protection, Legal Technical Co operation and Facilitation Committees and a number of sub committees. It adopts the budget for the next biennium together with technical resolutions and recommendations prepared by subsidiary bodies during the previous two years

The IMO slogan sums up its objectives:Safe, secure and efficient shipping on clean oceans.

The current Secretary General is Mr. Efthimios E. Mitropoulos ().

When IMO first began operations its chief concern was to develop international treaties and other legislation concerning safety and marine pollution prevention.

By the late 1970s, however, this work had been largely completed, though a number of important instruments were adopted in more recent years. IMO is now concentrating on keeping legislation up to date and ensuring that it is ratified by as many countries as possible.

How does IMO implement legislation?

It doesn't. IMO was established toadoptlegislation. Governments are responsible forimplementingit. When a Government accepts an IMO Convention it agrees to make it part of its own national law and to enforce it just like any other law. The problem is that some countries lack the expertise, experience and resources necessary to do this properly. Others perhaps put enforcement fairly low down their list of priorities.

The result is that serious Cheap Handbags casualty rates probably the best way of seeing how effective Governments are at implementing legislation can potentially vary from flag to flag.

IMO is concerned about this problem and in 1992 set up a special Sub Committee on Flag State Implementation to improve the performance of Governments. Another way of raising standards is through port State control. The most important IMO conventions contain provisions for Governments to inspect foreign ships that visit their ports to ensure that they meet IMO standards. If they do not they can be detained until repairs are carried out. Experience has shown that this works best if countries join together to form regional port State control organizations.

IMO has encouraged this process and agreements have been signed covering Europe and the north Atlantic (Paris MOU); Asia and the Pacific (Tokyo MOU); Latin America (Acuerdo de Via del Mar); Caribbean (Caribbean MOU); West and Central Africa (Abuja MOU); the Black Sea region (Black Sea MOU); the Mediterranean (Mediterranean MOU); the n Ocean (n Ocean MOU) and the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC MoU (Riyadh MoU)).

IMO also has an extensive technical co operation programme which concentrates on improving the ability of developing countries to help themselves. It concentrates on developing human resources through maritime training and similar activities.

IMO has adopted the Voluntary IMO Member State Audit Scheme. The Audit Scheme is designed to help promote maritime safety and environmental protection by assessing how effectively Member States implement and enforce relevant IMO Convention standards, and by providing them with feedback and advice on their current performance. The first audits under the Voluntary IMO Member State Audit Scheme were completed at the end of 2006 but the IMO Assembly has agreed a programme to make this scheme mandatory, with the entry into force of the mandatory audit scheme likely to be in Wholesale Handbags 2015.

What Discount Bags about the classification societies?

All ships must be surveyed in ordered to be issued certificates which establish their seaworthiness, type of ship, and so on and this is the responsibility of the flag State of the vessel. However, the flag State ("Administration") may "entrust the inspections and surveys either to surveyors nominated for the purpose or to organizations recognized by it" (SOLAS Chapter 1, regulation 6).

In practice these "recognized organizations" are often the classification societies.

The International Association of Classification Societies(IACS) is a Non Governmental Organization Wholesale Bags which was granted Consultative Status with IMO in 1969.

IMO has adopted a whole series of conventions covering prevention of marine pollution by ships, preparedness and response to incidents involving oil and hazardous and noxious substances, prevention of use of harmful anti fouling systems and the international convention on ballast water management to prevent the spread of harmful aquatic organisms in ballast water. The Marine Environment Protection Committee has developed energy efficiency measures, both for existing and new ships, to enable a comprehensive package of technical and operational measures to be agreed.

Protecting the environment from shipping is not just about specific regulations preventing ships dumping oil, garbage or sewage. It is also about the improvements in safety from mandatory traffic separation schemes to the International Safety Management (ISM) Code and improving seafarer training which help to prevent accidents occurring.

The preservation of Special Areas and Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas is an important aspect of IMO's work. IMO adopts these areas so that all Member States have an opportunity to view proposals and discuss any proposed measures, so that any which might impact on the freedom of navigation can be fully explored.

IMO's Technical Co operation Programme is hugely important in ensuring Member States have the resources and expertise to implement IMO conventions relating to marine pollution prevention. Examples of programmes include: sensitivity mapping to identify which parts of a coastline are particularly vulnerable; training in oil spill response and contingency planning; the GloBallast project which is addressing ballast water management issues; and the Marine Electronic Highway in the Malacca Strait.

The IMO has a significant role to play in preserving the marine environment and ensuring that shipping does not have a negative impact. It is recognized that environmentally speaking in terms of energy needed for volume of cargo transported, shipping is one of Discount Handbags the "greenest" transport methods.

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